What Are Accounting Methods? Definition, Types, and Example


Each https://quick-bookkeeping.net/ consists of a debit and a credit to different accounts. You record a credit in at least one account and enter a debit in at least one other account. The method you choose will impact how taxation is reported and your overview of your business’ financial situation. Much like accrual accounting, modified cash-basis accounting is used with double-entry accounting. Accruals are revenues earned or expenses incurred which impact a company’s net income, although cash has not yet exchanged hands.

annual gross receipts

The size of your business plays a major role in determining which accounting method you ultimately choose. However, if you want to have a more accurate balance sheet, track retained earnings, or better manage your business expenses proactively, you’ll need to use the accrual method. Just like there are different types of accounting, there are also different types of accounting methods, with the cash method and the accrual method used most frequently.

1. Cash basis

Cynthia Uzialko is a retired small business owner and bookkeeper with three decades of experience managing financial record-keeping for both public and private organizations. She is also familiar with a wide variety of accounting software, as well as best practices for maintaining accurate financial records manually, such as through the use of spreadsheets or paper and pencil. If you start your business using cash or modified cash-basis accounting and exceed the limits set by the IRS for any single tax year, you must change to the accrual basis of accounting.


Under the IRS rules, qualifying small businesses can use either of the two methods but consistently. As the name suggests, modified cash-basis accounting is a hybrid accounting method. Modified cash-basis accounting blends cash basis and accrual accounting, making it a happy medium for business owners. Businesses who need to record and balance both short- and long-term transactions find this method ideal.

Method 2: Accrual

It is also required to provide information and pay the Internal Revenue Service taxes . The IRS examines a company’s records and processes if it ever conducts an audit. It is a legal requirement for public firms to complete accounting practices. It enables a company to keep track of all aspects of its finances, including sales, costs, taxes, and more.

Using the cash accounting method, a company bookkeeper debits and credits the cash account in each journal entry. Transactions with no monetary input are not included in the financial statements. With this method, bookkeepers debit and credit the cash account in each journal entry depending on the transaction. For example, when recording customer remittances, the bookkeeper debits the cash account and credits the sales revenue account. Cash-basis accounting requires businesses to record cash, expenses and income. Keep in mind income is recorded once received and expenses are paid.

Deixe um comentário